Generally, a provision in a construction contract for private work limiting the contractor’s right to recover additional costs arising from delays outside of the contractor’s control may be enforceable. However, under the Public Bid Law, such a provision has been found to be against public policy. La. R.S. 38:2216 prohibits any public contract provision that purports to waive, release or extinguish the rights of a contractor to recover delay damages if the delay was caused in whole or in part by the acts or omission of the public entity.
A recent First Circuit decision struck down a contract provision that purported to limit a contractor’s right to damages in a public contract. In F.H. Myers Const. Corp. v. State, Div. of Admin. Office of Facility Planning & Control, 2013-2153 (La.App. 1 Cir. 6/18/14), reh’g denied (July 22, 2014), a general contractor brought an action against the State for breach of contract, seeking payments for extended-fixed job site overhead.
The State argued that the contract contemplated that the contractor could recover extended-fixed job site overhead only if there was a complete stoppage of work solely attributable to the State. The contractor argued that the contract provision was in violation of La. R.S. 38:2216.
The court found that La. R.S. 38:2216 contemplates that a contractor who is a party to a public contract shall be able to recover for any delay they may suffer from the fault of the State entity. Because the contract waived the contractor’s rights to seek damages for extended-fixed job site overhead for any delay short of a complete stoppage of work, the contract imposed a stricter limit on damages than the statute allows. The court also noted that the contract only allowed for damages where the State was 100% at fault, whereas the statute allows recovery even if the State is only partially at fault. As such, the provisions at issue were held to be void and unenforceable.